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Causes of Periodontal Disease

Local Pensacola Dentist

Spanish Trail Dentistry offers quality dental care in Pensacola, FL, from cosmetic dentistry to dental implant restoration and more! We provide dental care for every member of your family. Dr. Strickland strives to go beyond just providing just dental care. It is important to our entire team that each patient and guardian is educated on the specific dental problem, the best ways to address it and make sure they are well aware of the importance of proper oral hygiene. Improper hygiene can lead to different oral problems including periodontal disease. Continue reading to learn more about periodontal disease, but most importantly, what causes periodontal disease.

What Is Gum Disease

Gum disease is periodontal disease and can also be referred to as periodontitis. It is a progressive disease that can cause tooth loss and more. If the gingival tissues around your teeth are inflamed and begin to feel irritable, you probably are experiencing the beginning stages of gum disease. This inflammation and irritation can develop due to toxins in plaque and cause an ongoing bacterial infection. Other symptoms include:

  • Bad Breathe
  • Red Or Swollen Gums
  • Loose Or Sensitive Teeth
  • Receding Gums & More

If this problem is treated right away, the side effects can be reversed. But, if left unattended, the problem can progress into a more serious stage of periodontal disease, where the gums and jawbone can potentially be destroyed and cause teeth to fall out. Also, if not addressed, the bacteria from the infection could potentially travel via blood stream to other parts of the body. 

What Causes Gum Disease

There are different ways to avoid getting periodontal (or gum) disease. Of course, it is important to know what can cause it and then from there you can determine what needs to be done to avoid its development. Beyond genetic and environmental factors, here are a few of the most common causes of gum disease:

  • Poor Dental Hygiene - Preventing any dental disease includes regular dental visits to our Pensacola dentist office but begins outside with a good, balanced diet and good oral hygiene. Good dental hygiene will help avoid buildup that can lead to gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Tobacco Use – Smoking and tobacco use is one of the most significant factors in the development of gum disease. Also, because smokers have a slower recovery and healing rate, they are more likely to suffer from buildup on teeth more quickly which, if not addressed, can lead to gingivitis, gum disease and potentially tooth loss.
  • Pregnancy & Menopause – Maintaining regular oral hygiene practices is very crucial during pregnancy. Changes in hormonal levels in the body can cause sensitive gum tissue, which is more susceptible to turning into gum disease.
  • Chronis Stress & Poor Diet – Stress causes the bodies ability to fight off disease to weaken, making it easier to acquire infections for a longer amount of time. A poor diet can also lower the body’s ability to fight off infections, making it easier for the body to develop gum disease.
  • Diabetes & Other Medical Conditions – Experiencing other medical conditions can accelerate or intensify the progression of gum disease. Some of these conditions include respiratory disease, heart disease, arthritis, osteoporosis and more. Having diabetes hinders the body from developing insulin making it harder to control and treat periodontal disease.
  • Grinding Teeth – Clenching or grinding teeth can potentially cause damage to the tissues around it. This can cause gum disease to progress to a more serious stage.
  • Medication – Different medications can have an affect the health of your teeth and gums. This includes, but is not limited to, oral contraceptives, heat medicines, anti-depressants, steroids and others. Steroids stimulate growth, which can cause more swelling to the gums. When the gums swell, bacteria will be able to colonize within and potentially become periodontal disease. If you are on medication, please be sure to keep up with proper oral hygiene care.

How To Treat Gum Disease

If you are experiencing periodontal disease, it is important to address this problem sooner than later. There are different treatments that a periodontist can perform deep cleaning procedures to help relieve you from this uncomfortable situation. Some treatments that can halt the progression of gum disease include:

  • Scaling & Rooting
  • Antibiotics Or Antifungal Medications
  • Dental Implants
  • Tissue Regeneration

Addressing the causes of gum disease can help prevent the onset, progression and recurrence of periodontal disease. 

Schedule An Appointment At Spanish Train Dentistry Today

Here at Spanish, we want you to have optimal oral health. If you think you are experiencing symptoms of periodontal disease, no matter what stage, contact us and we will work with you to try to figure out the best way to address your specific situation. We look forward to helping you soon!


Read what people are saying about us.

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Having just adopted two young boys, getting dental care up to par was a priority. The boys disagreed. They had only had very negative experiences and were crying at the thought of going to the dentist. Upon arriving, the ladies talked with the boys and teased out smiles. The first cleanings took a whiledue to lack of proper hygiene, but Dr. Strickland adn his team took the time to comfort, build rapport and teach the boys about good dental hygiene. We just finished the final fillings with no anxiety or tears. Dental appointments are taken in stride! Dr. Strickland and his great team have made a huge difference to my family. Thank you for making our smiles beautiful!

Danyelle Lantz

My daughter Debbie is a dental hygienist and we Readings and the Bass family know a good dentist when we use them ( Jeff )! Dr. Strickland and his entire staff are "the most to say the least". We would not think of using anyone else.

John Reading, Pharmacist

Dr. Strickland & Staff:

I want to share my happiness with you all about my decision to switch dental providers a little over 1 year ago.

My only regret is " why did I wait so long?".

Each of you make each visit an extremely pleasurable experience. Dr. Strickland, I love your "chair-side" manner and your attention to detail is outstanding. I find myself looking forward to my dental appointments rather than dreading the session.

The warm and welcoming greetings along with the family-like interaction that your patients receive from Mary Virginia, Beth, Deirdre, Kyline and
Jennifer are endearing and make me feel like a family member, rather than just another patient!

It all is such a pleasant and comforting experience.


Michelle Pittman

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